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Teeth Grinding (TMJ & Bruxism)

Teeth Grinding (also known as TMJ or Bruxism)

TMJ or Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

In today’s busy lifestyles, headaches and migraines have become part of everyday life for some people. In some instances, these may be caused by TMJ (temporomandibular joint dysfunction).

 

temporal jaw

 

The temporomandibular joint, where the jaw connects to the skull, allows you to open and close your jaw, talk, swallow, eat and chew. A bad bite, as well as improper jaw position, can contribute to chronic facial pain which is a sign of TMJ dysfunction.

 

What Causes TMJ?

  • Missing teeth
  • Grinding or clenching of teeth, which may be linked to stress
  • Emotional or physical stress, and tension in the jaw muscles
  • Injuries such as fractures or dislocations of the TMJ
  • Wrongly shaped dental fillings, crowns or bridges

What Are The Symptoms Of TMJ?

  • Limited jaw movement
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth
  • Stuck or locked jaw
  • Clicking, grating or popping noises from the jaw points
  • Pain when chewing, yawning or opening the jaw widely
  • Pain in or around the ears and cheeks
  • Headaches and occasionally migraine-like headaches and nausea
  • Earaches, loss of hearing or ringing in the ears
  • Toothache
  • Clenching and grinding of teeth

Treatment

  • Treatment can vary depending on the individual, in most cases the teeth and occlusion needs to be adjusted so they fit together correctly (or simply called Byte Adjustment).
  • An Occlusal Splint (also known as bite plates or night guards) might be needed.
  • The teeth and occlusion needs to be adjusted so they fit together correctly. This is known as neuromuscular dentistry.
  • BTX is used as an alternative treatment for TMJ disorders and associated jaw tension and pain. When injected into facial muscles afflicted with soreness and discomfort, BTX relieves TMJ and jaw tension for many patients. The injections often eliminate headaches resulting from teeth grinding, and, in cases of severe stress, BTX can even minimize lock jaw.

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